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Disorders of Refraction

Disorders of Refraction

Disorders of Refraction

Stella Hornby  Module Editor - Eye Problems
Stella Hornby Module Editor - Eye Problems
on behalf of Health Education England

$12.59 $ 12.59 $ 12.59

$ 12.59 12.59 12.59
$ 12.59 12.59 12.59
Normal Price: $12.59 $12.59


Launch date: 18 Apr 2018
Expiry Date:

Last updated: 01 May 2018

Reference: 188214

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This session will provide users with knowledge about types of refractive error, contact lenses and their complications and principles of refractive surgery. An explanation of optometry referral letters is also described. This session was reviewed by Sally Higginbottom and last updated in February 2015.


By the end of this session you will be able to:
• Differentiate between myopia, hypermetropia and astigmatism
• Define presbyopia and its implications
• List the common problems associated with contact lenses
• Describe the principles of refractive surgery
• List types of low vision aids including magnifiers
• Describe the GOS 18 referral form used by optometrists
Stella Hornby  Module Editor - Eye Problems

Author Information Play Video Bio

Stella Hornby Module Editor - Eye Problems
on behalf of Health Education England

Stella Hornby runs the eye emergency department in the Oxford Eye Hospital and is also the Clinical Lead for The Practice PLC, a leading independent provider of primary care ophthalmology. She and Dr Andrew Partner provide workshops for General Practitioners based on the Royal College of GP eye statement through their partnership Primary Care Ophthalmology LLP.

Stella has a particular interest in primary care ophthalmology, low vision and education about ophthalmology.

She was awarded a Noble Prize for her MD thesis on childhood blindness from Cambridge, the McCartney Prize for pathology in FRCOphth, and the “Ox-talent award for innovative use of technology in teaching and learning” for an e-learning site for medical students about ophthalmology and most recently an “Excellent Teacher Award” by the Medical Sciences Division of Oxford University. She developed an innovative expert patient-led workshop on “Living with Visual Impairment” for medical students.

Stella is a Module Editor for the e-GP module ’Care of People with Eye Problems’.

Current Accreditations

This course has been certified by or provided by the following Certified Organization/s:

  • Health Education England
  • 0.25 Units -
    Exam Pass Rate: 60

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