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Heart Failure

Heart Failure

Heart Failure

Diana X. Cao, PharmD, BCPS
Diana X. Cao, PharmD, BCPS
on behalf of University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy

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Review:

Launch date: 09 Mar 2017
Expiry Date:

Last updated: 13 Mar 2017

Reference: 171010

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Description

Heart Failure (HF) is a common disease affecting approximately 5 million adult Americans.1-3 The likelihood of developing HF increases with age and is greater in men. The 5-year mortality rate is remarkably high at 50%, and nearly 300,000 deaths annually are directly attributable to HF.1,3 HF creates a significant economic burden on the healthcare system; in 2012,direct medical costs were approximately $21 billion. Despite advances in therapy over the past few decades, the prevalence of HF is expected to rise to over 8 million by 2030. Role of the Community Practitioner Approximately 1 out of every 4 patients hospitalized for HF is readmitted within 30 days.5,6 Readmission accounts for a significant portion of HF costs and is linked with decreased survival.3 Pharmacists and nurses can play an important role during transitions of care (eg, from hospital to home) by providing medication reconciliation and patient education, which can help reduce hospital readmissions.7 Pharmacists in community practice should reinforce discharge instructions through medication counseling and lifestyle modification support.

Objectives

Objectives
Describe the types of heart failure according to ejection fraction, ACCF/AHA stage, and NYHA functional class. List heart failure causes and risk factors. Name the major classes of heart failure medications and list the agent(s) in each class. Review their indications/role in therapy, dosing, adverse effects, and monitoring recommendations. Counsel patients about heart failure, including signs and symptoms and recommended lifestyle changes.
Diana X. Cao, PharmD, BCPS

Author Information Play Video Bio

Diana X. Cao, PharmD, BCPS
on behalf of University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy

Diana X. Cao, PharmD, BCPS is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice at Loma Linda University School of Pharmacy. Dr. Cao's practice area is cardiology.

Current Accreditations

This course has been certified by or provided by the following Certified Organization/s:

  • Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE)
  • 1.50 Hours -
    Exam Pass Rate: 75
    -
    Reference: 0428-0000-15-010-H01-P

Faculty and Disclosures

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